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Hybrid Petroleum Institute - Estudios de corrosión

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La corrosión es un proceso natural, en el cual se produce una transformación del elemento metálico a un compuesto más estable, que es un óxido.

 

Ésta se presenta solamente en Metales. Por lo mismo, una de las mayores problemáticas es que la corrosión afecte principalmente a esta clase de elementos. La mayor problemática de la corrosión es la destrucción del metal al que afecta. Ahora intentaremos ver un enfoque desde la industria, el sector más afectado por la corrosión, acerca de los ataques que este proceso causa. Podemos hablar desde fracturas, hasta fugas en tanques, disminución de la resistencia mecánica de las piezas y muchas otras maneras de efectos por los ataques. Aún así, lo peor de todo es que si no son prevenidas estas clases de ataques por corrosión, la seguridad de las personas es algo que se ve permanentemente afectado.

 

En general, los costes producidos por la corrosión oscilan cerca del 4% del P.I.B. de los países industrializados. Muchos de estos gastos podrían evitarse con un mayor y mejor uso de los conocimientos y técnicas que hoy en día están disponibles.